General

The 5 Stages of Periodontal Disease

Gum disease is one of the most frequent causes of tooth loss. Two major stages are the hallmarks of gum disease. If it is detected and treated early, the condition can be reversed, and losing a tooth can usually be prevented. Keep your mouth clean and visit your dentist for routine check-ups and cleanings at least twice a year to avoid gum disease.
If gum disease is detected during your appointment, we’ll provide tips on maintaining better hygiene at home and suggest specific treatment options in our office to address the issue.
Gingivitis – The Early Stage of Gum Disease
This phase only affects the gums and soft tissues. Patients won’t feel any discomfort. Although the symptoms may be minimal, it is vital to detect gum disease at this point before it progresses to periodontitis.


The signs of Gingivitis can be:
Swollen or bleeding gums
An unpleasant metallic flavor in your mouth or bad breath
Receding gums
The gap between teeth is getting larger.

Periodontitis, Advanced Stages of Gum Disease
“Periodontitis” or “periodontitis” refers to the more severe periodontal problems. The gums suffer when allowed to be at this stage, and the bone structures supporting the teeth are also affected.
If you don’t regularly see your dentist, the signs may only appear once you experience mild periodontitis.

Healthy Gums
Gums that are strong pink, attached to teeth, and supported by solid bone are indications of healthy gums and teeth that have the strength they need.
Gingivitis
The growth of bacteria could result in Gingivitis. In the initial stages, gum inflammation is noticed when gum tissue is red and inflamed. Gums that are prone to inflammation or bleeding when brushing could indicate an underlying condition called Gingivitis. In the end, removing plaque is vital in preventing the development of gum diseases.
The Early Periodontitis


When gums become inflamed, they begin to separate from teeth and form “periodontic “pockets.” The food-borne bacteria, plaque, and food particles build up in the pockets, which causes an infection. The bone around it gets affected by bacterial toxins and the immune system’s response to the conditions.
Moderate Periodontitis
The signs of periodontitis get more acute as the inflammation gets worse and discomfort is noticed. As the supporting bone loss teeth become looser, gums shrink further.
Advanced Periodontitis
The main reason for tooth loss in adults is advanced periodontitis, characterized by painful abscesses resulting from an infection that has spread into the gums.

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